amakuru

amakuru

Umwaka wa 2021 ni impinduka ikomeye kuri COVID-19 na societe yabantu.Ni muri urwo rwego, iterambere ry’inganda zitumanaho naryo rihura n’amahirwe akomeye mu mateka.

Muri rusange, ingaruka za COVID-19 ku nganda zacu zitumanaho ntizabaye ingirakamaro.

2020 numwaka wambere 5G izaboneka mubucuruzi.Dukurikije imibare, intego yumwaka yo KUBAKA 5G base base (700.000) yararangiye neza.Gukoresha ubucuruzi bwa 5G SA umuyoboro wigenga bizasohoka nkuko byateganijwe.Gupiganwa kuri 5G kubakoresha nabyo birakomeza kuri gahunda.

Kuba iki cyorezo cyaragaragaye, ntibyabujije gusa umuvuduko wo kubaka umuyoboro w’itumanaho, ahubwo byanashishikarije cyane itumanaho ry’itumanaho.Kurugero, itumanaho, itumanaho, itumanaho, nibindi, byahindutse ihame ryimibereho, kandi byemerwa nabakoresha benshi.Muri rusange urujya n'uruza rwa interineti narwo rwiyongereye cyane ugereranije nimyaka yashize.

Igihugu cyacu kimaze igihe kinini gishora imari mu bikorwa remezo by'itumanaho cyagize uruhare runini mu kurwanya iki cyorezo.Ku rugero runaka, ingaruka z'icyorezo ku mirimo yacu isanzwe no mu buzima zaragabanutse.

Binyuze muri iki cyorezo, abantu bamenya ko imiyoboro y'itumanaho yabaye ibikorwa remezo by'imibereho y'abaturage, nk'amashanyarazi n'amazi.Nibikoresho byingirakamaro kugirango tubeho.

Ingamba nshya z’ibikorwa remezo zatangijwe na leta n’impano ikomeye mu bucuruzi n’itumanaho.Igice kinini cyamafaranga yo kubyutsa ubukungu rwose azagwa kuri ICT, bigatera iterambere rirambye ryinganda.Ibikorwa remezo byitumanaho n’itumanaho, mucyongereza cyoroshye, ni ugutanga inzira yo guhindura imibare yinganda zitandukanye, kandi intego nyamukuru nukuzamura inganda no guhanga udushya.

1. amakimbirane mu bucuruzi
Icyorezo ntabwo kibangamira iterambere ryinganda.Iterabwoba nyaryo ni amakimbirane mu bucuruzi no gukandamiza politiki.
Hifashishijwe imbaraga zo hanze, gahunda yisoko ryitumanaho kwisi iragenda irushaho kuba akajagari.Ikoranabuhanga nigiciro ntibikiri ibintu byambere mumarushanwa yisoko.
Ku gitutu cya politiki, abashoramari bo mu mahanga batakaza uburenganzira bwo kwihitiramo ikoranabuhanga n’ibicuruzwa byabo, ibyo bikaba byongera amafaranga yo kubaka imiyoboro idakenewe kandi byongera abakoresha amafaranga kuri interineti.Iyi mubyukuri ni intambwe isubira inyuma mubiganiro byabantu.
Mu nganda, umwuka wo gutumanaho tekinike wabaye ibintu bidasanzwe, kandi abahanga benshi batangiye guhitamo guceceka.Ihuriro ryibipimo byikoranabuhanga byafashe inganda zitumanaho imyaka mirongo kugirango biteze imbere birashobora kongera kugabanywa.Mugihe kizaza, dushobora guhura nibintu bibiri bisa nkibipimo byisi.
Mu guhangana n’ibidukikije bikaze, ibigo byinshi bihatirwa gukoresha amafaranga menshi kugirango bikemure urwego rw’inganda n’urwego rwo hasi.Bashaka kwirinda ibyago kandi bafite amahitamo menshi nibikorwa.Ubucuruzi ntibukwiye gukorerwa ibintu bidashidikanywaho.
Icyizere nuko amakimbirane yubucuruzi azoroha kandi inganda zizasubira uko zahoze ziterambere.Icyakora, umubare w’inzobere ugenda wiyongera bavuga ko perezida mushya w’Amerika atazahindura imiterere y’amakimbirane mu bucuruzi.Abahanga bavuga ko dukeneye kwitegura urugendo rurerure.Ibintu tuzahura nabyo mugihe kizaza birashoboka cyane.

Ububabare bwa 5G
Nkuko twabivuze kare, umubare wa sitasiyo ya 5G mu Bushinwa wageze ku 700.000.

Mubyukuri, igitekerezo cyanjye ku giti cyanjye nuko mugihe intego zo kubaka ziri kuri gahunda, imikorere rusange ya 5G izaba yoroheje.

Sitasiyo ya 700.000, igice kinini cya macro yo hanze yo hanze hamwe na antenna ya 5G, ikibanza gito cyane cyo kubaka sitasiyo.Kubijyanye nigiciro, biroroshye byoroshye.

Nyamara, ibice birenga 70% byurugendo rwabakoresha biva murugo.Ishoramari muri 5G murugo rurarenze.Mubyukuri byageze mugihe bikenewe gusa, urashobora kubona uwukora aracyashidikanya gato.

Ku isura, umubare w'abakoresha gahunda ya 5G yo murugo warenze miliyoni 200.Ariko umubare nyawo wabakoresha 5G, nukureba uko ibintu bimeze, ugomba kugira icyo usobanukirwa.Abakoresha benshi ni "5G", bafite izina 5G ariko nta 5G nyayo.

5G ntabwo ishishikariza abakoresha guhindura terefone.Mubyukuri, ibimenyetso bitamenyerewe 5G biganisha ku guhinduranya kenshi imiyoboro ya 4G na 5G, bigira ingaruka kubakoresha no kongera ingufu z'amashanyarazi.Abakoresha benshi bazimye gusa 5G kuri terefone zabo.

Abakoresha bake niho, abakoresha benshi bifuza guhagarika sitasiyo ya 5G, kandi ibimenyetso bya 5G bizaba bibi.Ikimenyetso cya 5G kibi, abakoresha bake bazahitamo 5G.Muri ubu buryo, hashyizweho uruziga rukabije.

Abantu bahangayikishijwe cyane n'umuvuduko wa 4G kuruta 5G.Ku buryo benshi bakeka ko ababikora bagabanya ibihangano bya 4G kugirango bateze imbere 5G.

Usibye interineti igendanwa, turateganya ko inganda za interineti zikoreshwa mu nganda zitaraje.Yaba interineti yimodoka, interineti yinganda, cyangwa ubuvuzi bwubwenge, uburezi bwubwenge, ingufu zubwenge, biracyari mubyiciro byubushakashatsi, kugerageza no kwegeranya, nubwo hariho ibibazo bimwe byo kugwa, ariko ntibigenda neza.

Icyorezo cyagize ingaruka zikomeye ku nganda gakondo.Mu bihe nk'ibi, byanze bikunze imishinga gakondo izahangayikishwa no kongera ibitekerezo byamakuru no guhindura imibare.Ntamuntu wifuza kuba uwambere gukoresha amafaranga yizeye kubona inyungu nyayo.

▉ Injangwe.1

Icyamamare cya Cat.1 nikintu kidasanzwe kiboneka muri 2020. 2 / 3G kumurongo, ibyagezweho injangwe.1 kuzamuka.Ijya kandi kwerekana uburyo ikoranabuhanga ryaka cyane imbere yinyungu zuzuye.
Abantu benshi bizera ko inzira yikoranabuhanga ari "kuzamura ibicuruzwa".Ibitekerezo byatanzwe ku isoko bitubwira ko Internet yibintu ari "isoko ryo kurohama."Tekinoroji ihendutse yujuje ibisabwa muri metrics niyo izatsinda.

Kuba CAT.1 izwi cyane byatumye ibintu bya NB-iot na eMTC bitagenda neza.Nigute ushobora kugenda mugihe kizaza cya 5G mMTC birakwiye ko dusuzumwa cyane nabakora ibikoresho nababikora.

▉ byose-optique 2.0
Ugereranije numuyoboro wa 5G (sitasiyo fatizo), abashoramari bafite ubushake bwo gushora imari mu gutwara imiyoboro.

Ibyo ari byo byose, imiyoboro yabatwara ikoreshwa haba kuri terefone igendanwa kandi igendanwa.Ubwiyongere bw'abafatabuguzi ba 5G ntibusobanutse, ariko ubwiyongere bw'abafatabuguzi bwagutse burasobanutse.Ikirenzeho, isoko yo kubona uburyo bwihariye bwatanzwe nabakoresha leta naba rwiyemezamirimo yabaye iyinjiza amafaranga.IDC data center nayo iratera imbere byihuse, itwarwa na comptabilite, kandi harakenewe cyane imiyoboro yumugongo.Abashoramari bashora kwagura imiyoboro, inyungu zihamye.

Usibye gukomeza kwagura ubushobozi bwumurongo umwe (bitewe cyane cyane nigiciro cya 400G optique ya optique), abakoresha bazibanda kuri optique ya optique yose hamwe nubwenge bwurusobe.

Byose-optique 2.0, ibyo nabivuze kare, nibyamamare byo guhinduranya-optique nka OXC.Ubwenge bwurusobe nugukomeza guteza imbere SDN na SRv6 hashingiwe kuri IPv6, guteza imbere gahunda zurusobe, imikorere ya AI no kuyitaho, kunoza imikorere yumurongo, kugabanya ingorane nigiciro cyibikorwa no kubungabunga.

Miliyari imwe
1000Mbps, intambwe yingenzi muburambe bwabakoresha.
Ukurikije ubu ukoresha ukoresha icyifuzo, icyingenzi kinini cyagutse cyangwa videwo.Tutibagiwe na terefone zigendanwa, 1080p irahagije.Umuyoboro mugari uhamye, videwo yo murugo ntizarenga 4K mugihe gito, umuyoboro wa gigabit urahagije kugirango uhangane.Niba dukurikirana buhumyi umurongo mwinshi, tuzakomeza kwiyongera cyane kubiciro, kandi biragoye kubakoresha kubyakira no kubyishyura.
Mugihe kizaza, 5G gigabit, umurongo mugari wa Broadband gigabit, Wi-Fi gigabit, izafasha abakoresha ubuzima bwikoranabuhanga byibuze imyaka itanu.Bizasaba itumanaho rya holographe, uburyo bwitumanaho bwimpinduramatwara, kugirango bigere kurwego rukurikira.

20.000 ibicu net fusion
Igicu gihuza imiyoboro niyo nzira byanze bikunze itumanaho ryitumanaho.
Kubijyanye numuyoboro witumanaho virtualisation (igicu), umuyoboro wibanze ufata iyambere.Kugeza ubu, intara nyinshi zarangije kwimuka kwa 3 / 4G imiyoboro yibanze kuri pisine yibikoresho.
Niba igicu kizigama ikiguzi no koroshya imikorere no kubungabunga bisigaye bigaragara.Tuzabimenya mumwaka umwe cyangwa ibiri.
Nyuma yumuyoboro wibanze ni umuyoboro wabatwara nuyoboro.Igicu cyumuyoboro wumuyoboro cyabaye kumuhanda, kuri ubu kiri mubushakashatsi.Nkigice kigoye cyane cyitumanaho rya terefone igendanwa, umuyoboro winjira wateye imbere cyane.
Gukomeza kwamamara kuri sitasiyo ntoya, hamwe namakuru afunguye-RAN, mubyukuri nikimenyetso cyuko abantu bitondera iyi nzira yikoranabuhanga.Niba babangamira umugabane wamasoko kubacuruza ibikoresho gakondo, kandi niba tekinoloji igenda neza cyangwa idatsinda, bizahindura ejo hazaza h’inganda zitumanaho.
Kwimura computing computing nayo ningingo yingenzi yo guhangayika.
Nukwagura ibicu bibarwa, computing computing ifite ibintu bigaragara byerekana nta ngorane zikomeye za tekiniki kandi ifite isoko rikomeye.Ikibazo gikomeye cya computing computing kiri mukubaka ibidukikije.Ihuriro ubwaryo ntabwo ryunguka.

1. guhindura abatwara
Nka nkingi yinganda zose zitumanaho, abakora ibikorwa byose bizatera buri wese ibitekerezo.
Nyuma yimyaka myinshi yo guhatana gukomeye no kuzamuka kwihuta no kugabanya ibiciro, biragoye kubakoresha kuri point ya 4G / 5G.Icyitegererezo kiremereye cyubucuruzi, hamwe nabakozi babarirwa mu bihumbi amagana kugirango bashyigikire, bigora inzovu kugenda, ntabwo bivuze kubyina.
Niba udahindutse, shakisha inyungu nshya yo gukura, bityo, uwukora inyuma yumunsi afite ubwoba ko bizarushaho kuba ingorabahizi.Gufunga ntakibazo, leta ntizemera.Ariko tuvuge iki ku guhuza no kuvugurura?Abantu bose barashobora kwikuramo imvururu?
Kugabanya inyungu byanze bikunze bigira ingaruka kumibereho yabakozi.Mubyukuri abantu beza, bazahitamo kugenda.Gutwara ubwonko bizongera umuvuduko wubuyobozi, bigabanye inyungu zo guhatanira kandi bizagira ingaruka ku nyungu.Muri ubu buryo, urundi ruziga rukabije.
Ivugurura rivanze rya Unicom, ryinjiye mu mwaka wa kane.Ibitekerezo biratandukanye kubikorwa byo kuvugurura-gukoresha-kuvugurura.Noneho iyubakwa rya 5G, Unicom na terefone kugirango dufatanye kubaka no kugabana, ingaruka zihariye zuburyo, nazo zigomba gukomeza kugaragara.Nta kibazo kidashoboka.Tuzareba ibibazo bizavuka nibishobora gukemuka.
Ku bijyanye na radiyo na televiziyo, ishoramari ryabo muri 5G rizatera imbere cyangwa rito kuzamura iterambere ry’inganda zitumanaho, ariko sindizera ko iterambere rirambye rya RADIO na televiziyo 5G.

▉ epilogue
Ijambo ryibanze ryumwaka ubu rirakunzwe.Mubitekerezo byanjye, ijambo ryingenzi ryumwaka mubikorwa byitumanaho muri 2020 ni “Baza icyerekezo.”Muri 2021, ngira ngo ni “kwihangana. ”
Ubundi incubation ya 5G yinganda zikoreshwa bisaba kwihangana;Gukura no guteza imbere urwego rwinganda bisaba kwihangana;Nka tekinoroji ikomeye igenda ikwirakwira, niko kwihangana.Urusaku rwa 5G rwararangiye, tugomba kumenyera guhangana na insipid.Rimwe na rimwe, gongs nini n'ingoma ntabwo byanze bikunze ari ikintu cyiza, kandi guceceka ntabwo byanze bikunze ari bibi.
Kwihangana gukomeye kuzazana imbuto nyinshi.Ntabwo aribyo?


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukuboza-22-2021